Over the last year, the outreach of 14 MFIs to the very poor dropped below 100,000. Of those nine, 9 are located in Asia, 3 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 2 in the Middle East and North Africa. Three of these MFIs would not report on their poverty outreach in 2013, saying they did not have the information necessary to report it—though they have reported on outreach to the very poor in previous years.
At the same time, 7 MFIs reported an increase in outreach to the very poor increased to put them into the category of “100,000 to 999,999” clients and 2 joined the “1 million or more” category (1 of those reported to the Campaign for the first time). Of those 9 MFIs, 5 are located in Asia-Pacific, 2 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 2 in sub-Saharan Africa.
Reported a decrease in poverty outreach
Please note that all years mentioned below refer to the end of the year, or “as of December 31st” of that year.
Notable for not reporting on poorest, though they have in previous years [what do we want to say? Should we not mention these 3?]
- ASA Bangladesh: they refused to report their poorest outreach; no reason given.
- Banque Tunisienne de Solidarité: they chose not to provide poverty outreach this year because they do not have the information.
- Al Amana Microfinance: they refused to report their poorest outreach; no reason given.
Notable for huge decrease in poverty outreach when overall outreach remained static
- Bangladesh Rural Development Board: Their numbers decreased across the board with 61% fewer total clients and 65% fewer very poorest clients reached in 2012 than in 2011.
- PADAKHEP Manabik Unnayan Kendra: Their numbers decreased across the board with 30% fewer clients reached by Dec. 31, 2012 than 2011; however, their poverty outreach dropped more than 80%, from 307,160 in 2011 to 49,562 in 2012. [no obvious reason; same poverty measurement method of household survey]
- RDRS Bangladesh: Their total client outreach decreased less than 2 percent from 2011 to 2012; however, their poverty outreach dropped more than 80%, from 205,306 in 2011 to 91,667 in 2012. [same poverty measurement method of household survey—though they do report have independent research for movement out of poverty. Perhaps that has affected their reported poverty outreach.]
- ASA Pakistan Limited: Their total client outreach increased 3 percent from 2011 to 2012; however, their poverty outreach dropped more than 50%, from 132,542 in 2011 to 61,000 in 2012. [reported using the PPAF poverty scorecard for the first time in FY2012]
- Crédito con Educación Rural: Their total client outreach increased 8 percent from 2011 to 2012; however, their poverty outreach dropped 75%, from 108,183 in 2011 to 27,245 in 2012. [This is the second year using PPI; last year, they reported 90% poorest, this year = 21%.]
Decrease was not that large and no particular reason for it
- Nirdhan Utthan Bank Limited: There was a 10% increase in total clients reached while the poverty outreach decreased by 10%. [This is the second year using PPI; last year, they reported 99% poorest, this year = 80%.]
- Grameen Financial Services Pvt. Ltd.: There was an increase of 2% in total clients reached and a decrease of 13% in poverty outreach. [This is the third year using PPI. In 2011, they reported 99% poorest (377,013 for Dec. 31, 2010 data); in 2012, they reported 35% (104,516 for Dec. 31, 2011 data; total decreased also by nearly 100,000); in 2013, they reported 30% (91,272 for Dec. 31, 2012 data; total increased by 6,000).]
Poverty numbers decreased accounted for by a decrease across all indicators of outreach
- Kerala Malabar Gramin Gank (formerly South Malabar Gramin Bank & North Malabar Gramin Bank): There was an approximately 30% decrease in outreach across the board.
- Madura Micro Finance, Ltd.: There was a 30% decrease in outreach across the board.
- Caja de Compensación Familiar de Antioquia: There was a decrease in outreach across the board (between 16% and 35%). The largest decrease was in total women at 35% (or 6,000 women clients fewer in 2012 than in 2011).
- Banco de las Microfinanzas Bancamía S.A.: There was a decrease in outreach across the board.
Notable for larger decrease in poverty outreach than overall outreach
- SKS Microfinance Limited: Their numbers decreased across the board with 30% fewer total clients reached in 2012 than in 2011; however, their poverty outreach dropped 85%, from 5.3 million in 2011 to 818,381 in 2012.
Reported an increase in poverty outreach
Entering the “1 Million or More” Category
- Bank Rakyat Indonesia: Reported an increase in poverty outreach from 715,645 in 2008 (last reported data) to 1.3 million this year.
- Mutual Trust Bank Limited: Reporting for the first time with a poverty outreach of 1.3 million clients. In total, they report reaching 7.6 million clients with microcredit in 2012.
Entering the “100,000 to 999,999” Category
- ESAF Micro Finance and Investments Pvt. Ltd.: Though total clients grew more than 80,000, the reported poverty outreach increased from 30,000 to nearly 250,000, or 65% of the total. [P%: 2010 = 14% (PPI); 2011 = 25% (estimate); 2012 = 10% (PPI); 2013 = 65% (PPI; total clients growth = 83k; verified by GF India)]
- CARE International in Rwanda: Reported an increase in outreach across the board by 6%—with the notable exception of total women, which decreased by 15%.
- Financiera EDYFICAR S.A.: Reported an increase in outreach across the board, though poorest grew only 12% compared to the total client growth of 22%.
- Banco de Ahorro y Crédito ADOPEM, S.A.: Reported an increase in outreach across the board by 9%.
- National Bank of Cambodia: Their reported poverty outreach increased 3 times as much as their total outreach—though total clients number 1.3 million.
- CARE International in Kenya: Reported an increase in outreach across the board by 92%—with the notable exception of total women, which decreased by 2%.
- Asomi Finance Pvt. Ltd.: Reported an increase in outreach across the board by 26%.
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